Posted on

perkembangan IT

Process IT Development provides multi-disciplinary consultancy, applications engineering and software engineering for the process control industry.

From offices in Norway and the United Kindom, we provide solutions across a number of sectors within the industry:
Oil and Gas
Petrochemicals
Power Generation
Mining and Minerals

Within each of these industry sectors, our engineers provide expertise in many systems and applications:
Process Control Systems
ESD/PSD Systems
Subsea Control Systems
Alarm Management
HMI and Operability Consulting
Production Reporting
Performance and Condition Monitoring

Our clients include:
Honeywell
Matrikon Europe
Total
Shell
BP
Woodside Energy

in indonesia

Indonesia’s 1998 post-authoritarian transition was accompanied by an upsurge of violent conflict. Reforms to democratize and decentralize the Indonesian state led to new struggles over power, identity and resources. Old tensions, previously suppressed by force, emerged. In the absence of effective mechanisms and institutional structures to manage conflicts, in many places they escalated into violence.

The human security costs have been significant: thousands of lives lost, property destroyed, and widespread fear and insecurity amongst those affected. The violence has also resulted in economic retraction, affected service delivery and, in some parts of the country, launched a downwards poverty spiral. While aggregate levels of violent conflict appear to have declined in recent years, violence is still prevalent and there may be potential for re-escalation.

After more than a decade of democratic rule in Indonesia, it is necessary to take stock of the violence that has occurred (understanding the forms it has taken, its impacts, and why it occurred), to examine current forms of conflict in Indonesia, and to evaluate the risk of future escalation. It is also important to assess what has worked in limiting violence in Indonesia and what has been less successful. Understanding past and present conflict trends, and the successes and failures of different conflict management approaches, can provide lessons on how to ensure Indonesia’s development is not accompanied by widespread violence.

The Conflict and Development program – together with its counterparts in government, CSOs and other aid agencies – works within this context to provide evidence and analysis, ideas and funding to support peaceful development in Indonesia. Three tenets drive the program’s work:

Understanding local conflict dynamics can aid in the design of effective programs that are sensitive to local contexts: Context is important at two levels. First, as a middle-income country where the state and markets still function, Indonesia requires different approaches to conflict management than those developed for failed or weak states. Second, because many of the factors that determine different forms and levels of conflict in Indonesia are local, interventions that are tailored to specifically target the dominant local form of violence may have a significant overall impact on levels of violence.

Rigorously evaluating interventions is necessary to see what works. Evaluations that combine international standard social science methodology with deep knowledge of local context can generate lessons with application to Indonesia and other conflict-affected countries.

Interventions will only contribute to sustainable post-conflict transitions if they are owned by governments, civil society and communities in conflict-affected areas: Partnerships and coalition-building are thus key.

Leave a Reply

Fill in your details below or click an icon to log in:

WordPress.com Logo

You are commenting using your WordPress.com account. Log Out / Change )

Twitter picture

You are commenting using your Twitter account. Log Out / Change )

Facebook photo

You are commenting using your Facebook account. Log Out / Change )

Google+ photo

You are commenting using your Google+ account. Log Out / Change )

Connecting to %s